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Table 3 Tumor marker enzymes in bilharzial and non-bilharzial carcinoma tissues compared to normal (unaffected) tissues:

From: Levels of certain tumor markers as differential factors between bilharzial and non-biharzial bladder cancer among Egyptian patients

Enzymes Tissues types Bilharzial bladder cancerous tissues n = 13 Bladder cancerous tissues n = 12
   Unaffected (normal) tissues Malignant tissues Unaffected (normal) tissues Malignant tissues
  Grading I II III I II III I II III I II III
LDH Mean ± SD 8.5 ± 0.33 8.8 ± 0.21 9.1 ± 0.12 15.4 ± 0.2 16.3 ± 0.21 17.3 ± 0.17 6.1 ± 0.14 6.9 ± 0.24 7.2 ± 0.17 10.8 ± 0.5 12.5 ± 0.29 13.5 ± 0.3
  P< -- -- -- H.S H.S H.S -- -- -- H.S H.S H.S
AST Mean ± SD 1.74 ± 0.038 1.91 ± 0.01 2.06 ± 0.30 2.85 ± 0.05 3.44 ± 0.1 3.91 ± 0.13 1.61 ± 0.01 1.76 ± 0.04 1.93 ± 0.1 2.78 ± 0.03 3.19 ± 0.02 3.58 ± 0.13
  P< - - -- H.S H.S H.S -- -- -- H.S H.S H.S
ALT Mean ± SD 4.69 ± 0.04 4.82 ± 0.05 4.98 ± 0.1 7.73 ± 0.3 7.96 ± 0.57 8.22 ± 0.4 4.59 ± 0.05 4.77 ± 0.13 4.86 ± 0.14 7.53 ± 0.02 7.82 ± 0.02 7.97 ± 0.03
  P< -- -- -- H.S H.S H.S - -- -- H.S H.S H.S
PK Mean ± SD 15.10 ± 3.70 15.21 ± 3.79 15.32 ± 3.81 36.1 ± 10.3 38.4 ± 12.6 42.3 ± 14.7 14.81 ± 3.12 14.97 ± 3.24 15.30 ± 3.51 24.90 ± 4.70 27.0 ± 10.6 30.1 ± 11.34
  P< -- -- -- H.S H.S H.S -- -- -- H.S H.S H.S
  1. Activities were expressed as μ moles/mm/g tissue
  2. H.S: Significant difference P <0 .0005