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Table 4 Essential amino acid fractions in different groups of bladder cancer and bilharzial bladder cancer patients

From: Levels of certain tumor markers as differential factors between bilharzial and non-biharzial bladder cancer among Egyptian patients

Parameters Control Bladder cancer Bilharzial bladder cancer % Change
     (a) (b) (c)
Isoleucine 2.75 ± 0.390 5.27 ± 1.24 5.3 ± 0.89 +92 +52 +90
Leucine 5.36 ± 0.397 9.73 ± 2.88 9.99 ± 1.82 +81 +29 +86
Threonine 7.70 ± 1.175 9.78 ± 3.30 8.3 ± 2.63 +27 -37 +8
Valine 3.15 ± 0.83 10.28 ± 4.43 11.6 ± 2.32 +226 +51 +267
Phenylalanine 3.12 ± 0.46 5.07 ± 1.07 4.7 ± 0.78 +62 +31 +51
1-Methyl-Histidine 5.22 ± 0.58 7.48 ± 1.167 6.7 ± 2.27 +43 +36 +29
Lysine 8.56 ± 1.43 16.59 ± 3.98 16.9 ± 3.22 +94 +75 +97
Trytophan 1.34 ± 0.39 0.000 ± 0.00 1.5 ± 1.35 -100 -66 +15
Carnosine 2.84 ± 0.58 1.18 ± 0.62 2.1 ± 0.71 -58 -41 -26
Cystathionine 0.923 +0.59 0.153+0.14 0.47 +0.99 -83 -84 -49
  1. • Data are means ± S.D. of five patients in each group.
  2. • Total amino acid is expressed as g/L serum.
  3. • (a, b and c) percentage change as compared with control.