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Table 5 Non-essential free amino acid fractions in different groups of bladder cancer and bilharzial bladder cancer patients

From: Levels of certain tumor markers as differential factors between bilharzial and non-biharzial bladder cancer among Egyptian patients

Parameters Control Bladder cancer Bilharzial bladder cancer % Change
     (a) (b) (c)
Asparatic acid 2.61 ± 1.07 5.399 ± 2.230 14.141 ± 10.35 +106.78 +29 +442
Proline 4.46 ± 0.24 14.84 ± 5.37 10.227 ± 3.13 +232.5 +177 +129
Glycine 14.14 ± 2.72 9.19 ± 1.22 6.917 ± 4.55 -35 -99.98 -51
Alanine 1.09 ± 0.23 19.75 ± 7.43 14.421 ± 3.34 +1703 +1457 +1216
Serine 7.98 ± 0.81 12.03 ± 3.15 8.977 ± 2.20 +51 +19 +13
Glutamic acid 31.38 ± 3.16 35.32 ± 4.64 44.53 ± 14.03 +13 +33 +42
Tyrosine 4.23 ± 0.35 5.92 ± 1.91 6.455 ± 0.79 +40 +40 +53
NH4+ 4.23 ± 1.16 9.43 ± 1.94 5.955 ± 2.74 +123 +11 +41
Phosphoserin 0.19 ± 0.06 0.24 ± 0.086 0.280 ± 0.21 +27 -1.1 +49
Taurin 3.35 ± 0.49 6.53 ± 1.69 3.075 ± 0.23 +95 -18 -8
Urea 76.5 ± 9.86 88.28 ± 7.24 111.95 ± 9.32 +15 + 5 +46
Cystine 3.22 ± 0.57 3.99 ± 0.81 3.884 ± 1.15 +24 -37 +21
Citrulline 0.96 ± 0.41 1.51 ± 0.36 1.198 ± 0.41 +147 -42 +24
Ornithine 4.396 ± 0.71 11.114 ± 3.42 5.467 ± 0.81 +153 +75 +24
Arginine 3.58 ± 0.71 7.72 ± 1.23 27.3 ± 3.01 +115 +289 +663
a-Aminobutyric acid 0.0197 ± 0.01 0.188 ± 0.32 0.0010 ± 0.001 +854 +28 -95
a-Aminoadipic acid 1.530 ± 0.29 0.0012 ± 0.002 0.282 ± 0.261 -99.9 -100 -82
  1. • Data are means ± S.D. of five patients in each group.
  2. • Total amino acid is expressed as g/L serum.
  3. • (a, b and c) percentage change as compared with control.