Skip to main content

Table 1 The Elemental concentrations in μg/ml of five different groups. The Values given in column 2 are the certified concentrations (reference standard A13) of various elements.

From: Proton-Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) Analysis and DNA-chain Break study in rat hepatocarcinogenesis: A possible chemopreventive role by combined supplementation of vanadium and beta-carotene

Elements Detected (in μg/ml) Certified Value A (Normal) B (DENA Control) C (DENA+V) D (DENA+BC) E (DENA+V+BC)
K 2500 ± 350 3714 ± 0.03a 5440.6 ± 0.02b 3810.5 ± 0.04c 3805.0 ± 0.04c 3782.5 ± 0.01d
Ca 286 ± 53 269.7 ± 0.07 119.1 ± 0.03b 242.5 ± 0.02c 247.6 ± 0.02c 261.9 ± 0.022d
Mn 1.4 ± 1 1.6 ± 0.06 2.0 ± 0.05b 1.5 ± 0.023c 1.8 ± 0.01c 1.6 ± 0.01d
Fe 356 ± 150 370.5 ± 0.04 577.5 ± 0.04b 392.7 ± 0.03c 387.0 ± 0.06c 379.8 ± 0.02d
Cu 2.3 ± 0.5 1.5 ± 0.06 0.89 ± 0.05b 0.98 ± 0.06c 0.96 ± 0.02c 1.2 ± 0.01d
Zn 13.0 ± 10 18.9 ± 0.01 9.0 ± 0.06e 17.9 ± 0.02f 17.3 ± 0.04f 18.4 ± 0.04g
Se 0.24 ± 0.5 0.18 ± 0.04 0.19 ± 0.03b 0.10 ± 0.07c 0.16 ± 0.05c 0.18 ± 0.07d
Pb 0.18 ± 0.01 0.21 ± 0.03 0.25 ± 0.04m 0.22 ± 0.02n 0.24 ± 0.03n 0.22 ± 0.03l
  1. aValues are mean ± S.E. of five different run using different sets of targets.
  2. bp < 0.01 as compared with group A,
  3. cp < 0.01 as compared with group B,
  4. dp < 0.001 as compared with group B.
  5. ep < 0.005 as compared with group A,
  6. fp < 0.01 as compared with group B,
  7. gp < 0.005 as compared with group B.
  8. mp < 0.001 as compared with group A,
  9. np < 0.05 as compared with group B,
  10. lp < 0.005 as compared with group B.