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Table 1 The characteristics of included studies

From: Geriatric nutritional risk index as a predictor of complications and long-term outcomes in patients with gastrointestinal malignancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study/Year Country Cancer site Study design Sample Age(years) Gender ratio Cutoff value Treatment Outcome Analysis NOS
Kushiyama et al. [19] Japan GC R 348 Mean 79.6 ± 3.8 230/118 92 With-surgery Complications M 8
Migita et al. [20] Japan ESCC R 137 116/21 98 With-surgery OS, RFS U and M 7
Yamana et al. [21] Japan ESCC R 216 92 With-surgery OS M 8
Kubo et al. [14] Japan ESCC R 244 Mean 63.4 196/44 92 With-surgery OS, CSS M 8
Hirahara et al. [22] Japan GC R 303  ≥ 65 209/94 85.7 With-surgery Complications, OS M 8
Hu et al. [23] China PDAC R 282 Mean 58.7 ± 13.5 117/165 98 With-surgery OS M 8
Iguchi et al. [24] Japan CRLM R 80 Mean 63.6(30–86) 44/36 98 Mix OS, RFS M 8
Sasaki et al. [25] Japan CRC R 313 Median 73(65–94) 201/112 98 With-surgery Complications, OS M 8
Tang et al. [10] China CRC R 230 Mean 70.6 ± 5.4 154/76 98 With-surgery Complications, OS, DFS M 8