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Table 3 Univariate and Multivariate analysis of related factors between benign and malignant (Dysplasia/Cancer) group

From: A novel method of grading gastric intestinal metaplasia based on the combination of subtype and distribution

  Benign group Malignant group P value
Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
Number of patients (%) 132 (58.1) 95 (41.9)
Sex (male/female) 71/61 84/11  < 0.001  < 0.001
Age (Mean ± SD) 57.9 ± 11.0 62.8 ± 10.0 0.001 0.130
H. Pylori (+) (%) 44 (44.0) 56 (56.0)  < 0.001  < 0.001
Smoking (+) (%) 22 (50.0) 22 (50.0) 0.222
Alcohol (+) (%) 20 (50.0) 20 (50.0) 0.250
Bile reflux (+) (%) 16 (51.6) 15 (48.4) 0.427
SDSGIM    < 0.001  < 0.001
Mean ± SD 1.4 ± 1.6 4.3 ± 1.5
Median and quartile 1 (0–2) 5 (4–5)