Immunomediated growth and regression of pancreatic tumors in vivo
© Author(s); licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2004
Received: 28 April 2004
Published: 1 July 2004
We are using a novel spontaneous pancreatic adenocarcinoma tumor model to investigate immunotherapeutic approaches against pancreatic cancer.
Crossbreeding of p53 knockout mice with TGF-α transgenic mice which overexpress TGF-α in the pancreas and thus develop fibrosis and ductual pancreatic cancer at the age of one year dramatically accelerates tumor development and represents the first model of pancreatic adenocarcinoma with genetic alterations as well as characteristics similar to the human disease.
We have established a total of 28 murine adenopancreatic cell lines (mPACs) derived from 6 different TGF-α p53-/- mice. In vivo growth kinetics were analysed in normal syngenic mice and showed that some cell lines progress after in vivo injection to form lethal tumors while others grow during the first 10 days and then regress. Next, these tumors were injected into scid beige and in nude mice. In these mice progressors and regressors grow progressively indicating that the regression in normal euthymic mice is an immunemediated response.
Cytotoxic T cell responses against MHC I positive mPACs are induced after immunization with irradiated mPACs and can be found in mice with spontaneous pancreatic carcinomas. Injection of mPAC leads to the induction of IFN-γ secrting CD8 T cells in vivo, which can also be found in tumor bearing mice.
This new model opens the possibility to investigate sponatneous immune responses against pancreatic cancers in a gentically well defined tumor model, which mimicks human adenocarcinoma.